Blog #52~Tech Time
A few weeks ago at the National Association for Down Syndrome (NADS) Retreat the guest speaker did a presentation on using video based instruction and mobile technologies to support learners with Down syndrome and other developmental disabilities. Toni Van Laarhoven, an associate professor in the Department of Special and Early Education at Northern Illinois University (NIU) gave us some great information on how to implement it.
Video modeling for can be used for teaching a variety of social, academic, and functional skills. In the April 2012 archives, Blog #5~Ready, Set, Action, I wrote about how effective these have been in teaching Nick a variety of job skills. He learned how to unload the dishwasher, load the washing machine and how to use the vacuum cleaner.
Before video modeling we used social stories. Basically this is like a script that you want the child to follow. With Nick also having autism, it helps him to see it in picture form so he can better understand. Nick has a thing for sneezing right in your face on purpose. His teacher made this social story, here is part of it…….. aaaaachoooooo 🙂
These visual supports were effective, but his interest level when reading social stories was nothing compared to when he started watching the video models.
Here are a few ideas I came up with for video modeling:
Teach a job skill
Teach a fine motor skill (cutting food, buttoning a shirt, pour milk, handwriting)
Teach a gross motor skill (swimming strokes, riding a bike, yoga positions.)
Grooming routines (brushing teeth, washing face, dressing.)
Change in routine (picture day at school, new curriculum unit in P.E., new school)
Visit to doctor, dentist, blood draws, and haircuts
Trip to the zoo, baseball game, mall, movie theater
Appropriate leisure activities to do at home (watch a movie, computer/X-Box)
Teach social skills (playing games with peers, turn taking)
It’s best to choose one behavior or skill to work on at a time. Have the child watch the movie before engaging in the activity on a consistent basis. For a job skill, many students have a video on their hand held device (iPod) and can follow the prompts as they work. Ultimately, using video models can foster greater independence.
Shooting the videos can be done using an adult or peer model going through the sequence. Simple verbal prompts should be provided. For example, for pouring milk you can script it like this.
- Go to cabinet and get a cup.
- Go to the refrigerator and get milk.
- Open cap and pour milk in cup.
- Put cap on milk.
- Put milk container back in the refrigerator.
Another way to use video modeling is to make a video resume. Toni made one of her sister who has significant disabilities. This video showed in detail her routine. The narrator pointed out specific details, likes, dislikes that added clarity to how she navigates her day. This would be extremely helpful for a new staff, teacher, and direct care provider. A few years ago, Toni’s NIU students put together a video resume of Nick called Project MY VOICE. Like Toni’s sister, his showed what he did at school, his likes (music, community outings, etc..) and pointed out things that might upset him (saying “no” to him, changes in schedule, etc…) Nick was very proud to show the video at his IEP meeting that year. 🙂
There tons of programs and apps that are available for assisting persons with special needs. Here are just a few that have been recommended to me:
*Follow a schedule with Picture Scheduler:
*iPrompts- Visual support, schedules, picture prompting for autism and special education.
*Artiks Pics-Vocabulary flashcards, memory games
*First Then Visual Schedule:
*ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) and educational apps:
Sensory Fun, Light Box App:
Silly Fun, Talking Tom 2 (Nick’s going to love this one. Tom just cut one here, stinky) 🙂
The list goes on and on, you get the idea. There’s an app for just about everything.
Video based instruction, using mobile devices and prompting systems are effective tools in helping our kids navigate their world to become more independent. Put the power in their hands! That’s what is in my noggin this week.